Advances in the Study of Behavior, Volume 46

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However, both ‘patch’ and ‘prey’ models derive from Holling’s ‘disc equation’, so-called because it was derived empirically by allowing a blindfolded secretary (predator) to search for sandpaper discs (prey) on a desktop (Holling 1959). Fitting information into an adaptive model of the world may predispose receivers to respond to certain kinds of stimuli. Agricultural marketing courses introduce students to the process of bringing the products of agribusiness to the consumer.

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The Dictionary of Ethology and Animal Learning

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The cost will vary depending on the units you choose, your study load, the time it takes to complete your course and any approved Credit for Prior Learning you have. T. (1970) Celestial rotation: its importance in the development of migratory orientation. The time and energy needed to move to another patch are also important (another example of the cost of switching discussed in Chapter 4 [see Box 4.2]). Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. 33:839-842. Jeffrey Mogil studied the facial expressions of mice during increments of increasing pain; there were five recognizable facial expressions; orbital tightening, nose and cheek bulge, and changes in ear and whisker carriage. [4] Gaze following: Coordination among social animals is facilitated by monitoring of each other's head and eye orientation.

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Sex on Six Legs: Lessons on Life, Love, and Language from

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C Griffith (2016) Stress reactivity, condition, and foraging behavior in zebra finches: effects on boldness, exploration, and sociality. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. But in larger coalitions subordinate males gain little or nothing, so why do they join them? In this paper, I will argue that animals should have an equal moral status to that of humans. Researchers originally thought that such a discriminatory task was impossible, and that females simply fed any pups that approached them, yet further work revealed that females find and nurse their own pup 83% of the time (McCracken 1984, Balcombe 1990).

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Mimicry and the Evolutionary Process: A Symposium Organized

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Small cells have a lot more surface area per volume than large cells. Figure 1.8 Male white-crowned sparrows around San Francisco Bay sing distinctively different songs (dialects) in different areas. The spread of milk bottle opening by tits in 6.2.1.4 is a good example (see also Tomasello & Call 1997). By learning to trust their own process and acknowledge the perceptions that they receive, they start to feel the nature or sensation of true telepathic reception within them as opposed to the manipulation of projection.

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Behavioural ecology: An evolutionary approach

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We also give more than $22 million every year in grants for basic research in petroleum and related fields. This means the ESS is a mixed strategy in which both Hawk and Dove are played in these stable proportions. By the way, I'm not interested in being a vet but am interested in working with animals. A method for measuring systolic blood pressure in the conscious swine (Suss crofa). These analyses are very general and not species-specific.

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The animal mind;: A text-book of comparative psychology,

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Byers eds) Animal Play: Evolutionary, Comparative and Ecological Perspectives, pp. 1–26. Journal of Experimental Biology, 209, 1074-1084. ‡undergraduate author pdf Elias D. Using programme specific activity this module will equip students to perform laboratory and field studies in biological sciences using appropriate methods with regard to safety and risk assessment. For the same reasons that we study the universe and subatomic particles there is intrinsic interest in the study of animals.

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DogPerfect: The User-Friendly Guide to a Well-Behaved Dog

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Aschoff, J. (1965) Circadian rhythms in man. Midford\\'s research in coding animal behavior zoology descriptions, particularly zoology ethograms using ontology. Most animals. for in speaking of infants Aristotle remarks. the Greeks in general were inclined to a more generous estimate of the animal mind. for some of these traits are exhibited strongly in man. in a greater degree. and his general estimate of the mental powers of animals might well pass for that of a conservative psychologist of the present time. however. "appear to exhibit gentleness or feroc- mildness or cruelty. 8.

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Animal Minds

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The founder effect refers to the loss of genetic variation Fruit-eating. Some creatures are well-known, while others are less so. IBAC aims to promote international participation throughout the field of bioacoustical activity.. Seasonal return migration in ungulates Perhaps one of the most familiar examples of seasonal return migration is that by ungulates in the Serengeti region of east Africa. The expansion of the forebrain has been important in the evolution of the complex social organisation and decision-making found in many primates, and its domination by maternal genes may be significant in that the maintenance of group cohesion, within and between generations, is heavily dependent on the female line (high-ranking females tend to produce high-ranking daughters that stay in the group [Keverne et al. 1996b]).

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The Thinking Dog: Crossover to Clicker Training (Dogwise

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These changes are effected by integrators in the circuitry of the model (boxes i in Fig. 1.11). Huey eds) Biology of the Reptiles, Vol. 16, pp. 235–73. On much the same plane of incredibility, some caterpillars are able to detect approaching parasitic wasps up to half a metre away as a result of pressure changes caused by the wasp’s wings (Markl 1977). Although latency is only one measure of aggression, it correlated very closely with other measures, and was a good index of general aggressiveness.

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Grizzly Country

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Even for a good amount of American families the family pet is loved and cared for. Even in precocial species such as guinea pigs and gazelles, however, where the young emerge at a relatively advanced stage, much may still need to be done before the animal’s physiology and behaviour achieve adult performance. H. (1998) Reproductive skew, concessions and limited control. In these species, therefore, courtship signals have been channelled by pre-existing response characteristics of females honed in other contexts.

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