By Christy G. Turner II, Nicolai D. Ovodov, Olga V. Pavlova
The fruits of greater than a decade of fieldwork and comparable learn, this exact publication makes use of analyses of perimortem taphonomy in Ice Age Siberia to suggest a brand new speculation for the peopling of the hot global. The authors current facts in keeping with examinations of greater than 9000 items of human and carnivore bone from 30 past due Pleistocene archaeological and palaeontological websites, together with cave and open destinations, which span greater than 2000 miles from the Ob River within the West to the ocean of Japan within the East. The saw bone harm signatures recommend that the normal prehistory of Siberia wishes revision and, particularly, that cave hyenas had an important impression at the lives of Ice Age Siberians. The findings are supported via greater than 250 images, which illustrate the bone harm defined and supply a important perception into the context and panorama of the fieldwork for these unexpected with Siberia.
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Extra info for Animal Teeth and Human Tools A Taphonomic Odyssey in Ice Age Siberia
In Ovodov’s little IAE laboratory, the senior author looks for bone damage in wooly rhinoceros mandibles from the Ob River paleontological site of Krasny Yar (CGT neg. IAE 6-21-00:32). Fig. 21 Odyssey. Also in Ovodov’s lab is Olga Pavlova, who translated most of the labels and notes associated with each of hundreds of boxes of bones. When time permitted she translated articles describing various sites from which the faunal remains were recovered and other related publications (CGT neg. IAE 6-21-00:35).
As will be discussed in various assemblage descriptions, we assume that scavenged bone was abundant when a hyena presence could be recognized. Taphonomic research is also aided by actualistic study, as illustrated in Figs. 8. 1 Provenience. Most of the assemblages were excavated by archaeologists and paleontologists using horizontal and stratigraphic units, such as squares, levels, layers, and distance from some monument or datum point. However, much of that information was not kept with most of the faunal collections; that is, point provenience was lacking for nearly all small pieces.
Due to heart disease that began with an intense fever in the early 1940s, Yefremov retired in 1957 from professional paleontological work, for which he received the Russian Academy of Sciences Presidium award for his “Taphonomy and the Geological Record,” and the 1952 State Prize. His retirement years were spent writing novels and stories of adventure and science ﬁction. He died in Moscow on October 5, 1972. 28 Animal Teeth and Human Tools A few historical accounts of perimortem taphonomy An early – if not the ﬁrst – instance of human taphonomy (zoo-archaeology) has been attributed by Simon J.