Human Geography

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By Renzhi Hou

This ebook is set the town of Peiping in China, sometimes called Beijing and Peking, and a urban of significant historic importance. Divided into 3 elements, this paintings explores Peiping first as a frontier urban at a time while the good Wall used to be confirmed, from the Chou dynasty (ca.1122—220 B.C.) until eventually the T’ang Dynasties as much as the Khitan career (A.D. 590—937). the second one half explores Peiping because it turns into a countrywide centre, throughout the Liao Dynasty and the Chin Dynasty, till 1234, and the 3rd half explores the way it turned the capital of the chinese language empire, till 1911. This paintings is a old geography and the creation information topographical positive factors and geographical family of the town, describing the best way the mountains upward push from the obvious developing concave hands to surround Peiping, resulting in the identify, the ‘Bay of Peiping’. We examine that the mountains often achieve over 3000ft and feature essentially no foot-hills, while the bay itself is full of sediments of gravel, sand, loam and loess which were deposited in horizontal strata, to a good intensity. quite a few illustrations and figures are incorporated, and readers will see how the town sits among rivers, the Hun (浑河 or Muddy River) and the Pai (白河 or White River). those chapters show how every one river has made its contribution to the fabric improvement of town and its environs, together with via irrigation and because the Hun River shifted its direction. because of the geography of the area, just about all roads prime from the northern lands of Mongolia and Manchuria to the good undeniable of North China within the south are sure to converge at Peiping. The historic results of this, in addition to neighborhood weather stipulations and different facets of geography are explored during this ebook, which strains the old upward push to eminence of Peiping.

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3. von Richthofen, F. (1944). Geographical handbook series. China Proper, 1, 69. 4. Cressey, G. B. (1934). China’s geographic foundations. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. 5. Impey, L. (1925). Shang-tu, the Summer Capital of Kublai Khan. The Geographical Review, xv(4), 586. 6. Hou, J. C. (1945). T’ien-Chin Chu-lo chih Ch’i-yüan (侯仁之《天津聚落之起 源》, The origin of the settlement of Tientsin) (Research Monograph, pp. 8–14). Tientsin: Hautes Etude Industielles et Commercials. 7. Lattimore, O. (1940).

Chung-kuo Chiang-yü Yen-ke Shih (顾颉刚、史念 海《中国疆域沿革史》). Shanghai: Commercial Press. 2. Lattimore, O. (1940). Inner Asian frontiers of China (American Geographical Society, Research Series, No. 21). London: Oxford University Press. 3. Lattimore, O. (1937, October). Origins of the Great Wall of China: A frontier concept in theory and practice. Geographical Review, New York, xxvii. 4. Cornish, V. (1928). The great capitals. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd. 5. Liang Ssu-ch’eng. (1934). “Chao Hsien Ta Shih Ch’iao” (The Great Stone Bridge of Chao Hsien).

The following map (Fig. 26 Their concentration along the western margin of the plain is not surprising. And it is from this marginal tract that the early settlers not only began to push northward but also began to spread right into the heart of the plain on the east. When this is made clear, it is not surprising to learn either 23 Op. , Sheet of the Imperial Capital. A study of the reclamation of the lakes and marshes of the great plain and the transformation of the general landscape resulted from it must be a fascinating theme to a student of geography.

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