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Download Amid the Clouds and Mist: China's Colonization of Guizhou, by John E. Herman PDF

By John E. Herman

In 1200, what's now southwest China--Guizhou, Yunnan, and the southern section of Sichuan used to be domestic to an collection of strikingly varied cultures and governed through a mess of political entities. by way of 1750, China's army, political, sociocultural, and financial associations have been firmly in charge of the sector, and lots of of the area's cultures have been quickly turning into extinct. One function of this booklet is to check how China's 3 overdue imperial dynasties--the Yuan, Ming, and Qing--conquered, colonized, and assumed regulate of the southwest. one other aim is to focus on the indigenous reaction to China's colonization of the southwest, rather that of the Nasu Yi humans of western Guizhou and japanese Yunnan, the single workforce to depart an in depth written list.

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Extra info for Amid the Clouds and Mist: China's Colonization of Guizhou, 1200-1700

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According to the Xi'nan Yizhi, the Nasu credit Funazhi, Tuoazhe's eighteenth-generation descendant, with guiding the Azhe across the Yachi River into central Guizhou. From Shiren Moun­ tain the Azhe oversaw a kingdom that included the entire Shuixi region of northwest Guizhou, as well as parts of present-day central, east, and southeast Guizhou. By the end of the eighth century, the modern cities of Longli, Duyun, and Luodian were all within the political scope of the Mu'ege kingdom. 25 Whereas Nanzhao leaders were content to forge ties with their Nasu Yi allies to the east, Mu'ege and Yushi, Tang officials advocated a more aggressive presence in Qian Tang officials began using the word "Qian" to describe the area that is Guizhou today.

The Wumeng Mountains also give rise to the sinuous Miaoling range. The Miaoling range enters northwest Guizhou west of the city of Weining and sweeps in a gentle southeast arc toward the city of Hu­ ishui in central Guizhou. As the Miaoling range reaches eastern Guizhou, it branches into four separate mountain ranges: the Fen­ ghuang Mountains push south past the city of Duyun before entering Guangxi; the J iuwan Dashan Mountains run in a southeasterly direc­ tion through the southeastern corner of Guizhou, passing just south of the city of Rongj iang and continuing into northwest Guangxi; the Leigong Mountains head east from the Miaoling Mountains into Hunan province; and the Fouding Mountains extend into northeast Guizhou.

O ! Map 3 SO 100 LSO , , Kilometers The Mu'ege kingdom, ca. 800 Shuixi region of northwest Guizhou that Tuoazhe's great-grandson, Mowang, proclaimed the establishment of the Mu'ege kingdom. Muge­ baizhage did not remain the political center of the Mu'ege kingdom for long, however. By the middle of the Tang dynasty, Chinese and Yi sources confirm the Azhe had relocated to a fortress on Shiren Moun­ tain, near the present-day city of Guiyang in central Guizhou. 18 The existence of the large and expansive Mu'ege kingdom nestled away in the impenetrable terrain of China's southwest frontier went largely unnoticed in contemporary Chinese accounts.

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