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Download A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester by Arnold Hughes, David Perfect PDF

By Arnold Hughes, David Perfect

A Political heritage of The Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st whole account of the political heritage of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian legit and personal documentary assets, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the booklet charts the origins and features of contemporary politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its growth into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the 20 years after global conflict II. by way of independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital were defeated through a brand new, rural-based political employer, the People's revolutionary occasion (PPP). the second one a part of the publication analyzes the capability in which the PPP, lower than President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either latest and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The e-book closes with an evidence of the dying of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The ebook not just establishes these distinct points of Gambian political heritage, but additionally relates those to the broader neighborhood and African context, throughout the colonial and independence sessions.

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Additional info for A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)

Example text

Traditionally either engaged in farming or fishing, male Serere in the rural areas of The Gambia and Senegal tend now to grow groundnuts, and female Serere produce millet and vegetables. 47 During the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, the majority of Gambian Serere remained animist, but in recent decades, most have become Muslim. Christianity has never made much headway amongst Gambian Serere, unlike in Senegal, where a significant minority became Roman Catholic during the colonial period.

118 However, Social and Economic Setting 31 during and after the war, the government assumed an enlarged role as an employer and by the 1960s, at least two-thirds of employment in “larger” establishments was either in central or local government or in public corporations (parastatals). This proportion had risen to three-quarters by 1973. 120 During the late 1980s and early 1990s, total civil service employment increased again to reach 10,700 in 1993–94, which was similar to the pre-1986 retrenchment level.

Meanwhile, in the 1820s, a substantial number of Wolof moved directly to Bathurst from Gorée and St. Louis in the French colony of Senegal. They were sent there by their European employers and Mulatto slave owners to work as artisans on the construction of the town, or as domestic servants, and tended originally to live in an area of North Bathurst, known as Joloff Town until the 1960s. It is probable that in the early days of the settlement on St. 6). Social and Economic Setting 17 The number of Wolof living in the Protectorate increased relatively slowly up to independence, so that by 1963 they accounted for only 10 percent of its population.

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