By Adnan Husain, K. E. Fleming
Modern academia depends categorization. you can examine Africa or Europe; East or West; the center a while or the Early smooth interval. during this cutting edge number of essays, the Mediterranean is taken as a complete. The birthplace of the 3 imperative monotheistic religions, it truly is proven to be a different cultural area characterised by way of hybridity, variety, and cultural dynamism.
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Extra info for A Faithful Sea: The Religious Cultures of the Mediterranean, 1200-1700
Like most of the Mediterranean islands Sicily swung back and forth between the Islamic and Christian cultural orbits, like a gauge registering the relative power of the competing monotheisms in the Mediterranean basin. And for two hundred years the state embodied an extraordinary cultural ambiguity. After a spell of Byzantine rule, Sicily fell under Muslim control for roughly two centuries; the Islamic conquest of the island began in 827, and the Norman conquest in 1038. Under the Normans, though Sicily functioned as a Christian state, it witnessed the birth of an extraordinary culture of fusion.
Moore’s The Formation of a Persecuting Society, for example, drew on and inspired a burgeoning literature and debate by arguing that the genealogies of modern intolerance and violence against religious minorities, heretics, and other social marginals had discursive precursors in the proto-national state formation of twelfth- and thirteenth-century medieval kingdoms. Subsequent studies of the social role of violence in the multiconfessional environment of medieval Spain have challenged the sort of analysis that connected medieval persecution with modern genocides.
In recent years social and economic historians have produced masterful studies detailing the Christian state’s accommodation of its Muslim residents in Sicily. It remains – not only for social and economic historians but also for literary historians like myself – to ask why Christian rulers responded to their Muslim subjects as they did. What did domination of a Muslim population signify in the new Christian states of southern Europe? 106 30/04/2007 4:29 PM Page 31 mallette: Insularity 31 The period of Norman rule in Sicily came to a close with the death of Frederick II, the son of a Norman mother and a Hohenstaufen father, in 1250.